London Metropolitan University Research Institutes
 

ISET Seminar Series Spring 2011

ISET European Interdisciplinary Seminar Series Spring 2011

'New Dimensions in Citizenship'

The ISET seminar series addresses key issues in the making and remaking of Europe,
whether economic, political, social or cultural. In the context of globalization, these
extend beyond Europe's borders, and interrogate definitions of European identity.

Much has been written about citizenship since the revival of interest in the concept led by feminist thinkers. A recent fruitful line of research focuses on citizenship, not as given rights 
and duties to a state, but as claims by under-represented, minoritised and disadvantaged groups to access citizenship through the freedom to be different yet equal within public or
legal frameworks that are inclusive and accepting of diverse practices. In this series, speakers address four areas of claims by European citizens, women, people with disabilities, and the
LGBT movement.

9 March, Dr Marco Martiniello, University of Liege
How to combine Integration and Diversities?
The Challenge of a European Union Multicultural Citizenship

The European Union displays a wide variety of ethno-cultural and national affiliations and identities. This diversity is not set to disappear under the pressure of globalisation, though the trend towards uniformity of the mass culture cannot be denied. Can various forms of cultural, ethnic, national, religious and post-national identities emerge in the public sphere and reconstruct themselves as a response to uniformity?
In that context, the relationships between states, supranational organizations and a population that is increasingly diversified constitute a major concern in the necessary reflection on the subject of democratic consolidation. Several questions have emerged that remain unsolved. What political responses surface in response to identity claims and to demands for the preservation of a cultural specificity? How can the nation states and the European Union intervene in the management of cultural and religious diversity? How can the European Union deal with its de facto multicultural, multi-religious, multiethnic character while simultaneously reasserting its democratic requirements and dealing with growing social and economic inequality and exclusion?
The concern at the beginning of the third millennium is not to choose between the construction of a multicultural European society and the construction of a culturally homogenous society. Rather, each society, including the European Union, is being challenged to fashion a variety of multiculturalism adapted to its population and to its history in order to reconcile observable cultural and identity-based diversity with the necessary social, economic and political cohesion. In other words, how can the European Union combine the search for a more united and integrated society while at the same time making the most of the various facets of its diversity and fostering more social and economic equality? This is the challenge of a multicultural citizenship of the European Union.

Marco MARTINIELLO is Research Director at the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS). He teaches Sociology and Politics at the University of Liège and at the College of Europe (Natolin, Poland). He is the director of the Center for Ethnic and Migration Studies (CEDEM) in the university of Liège. He is also member of the executive board of the European Research Network IMISCOE (International Migration and Social Cohesion in Europe) and President of the Research Committee n°31 Sociology of Migration (International Sociological Association). He is the author, editor or co-editor of numerous articles, book chapters, reports and books on migration, ethnicity, racism, multiculturalism and citizenship in the European Union and in Belgium with a transatlantic comparative perspective. They include La nouvelle Europe migratoire. Pour une politique proactive de l’immigration (Labor, 2001), Citizenship in European Cities (Ashgate, 2004), Migration between States and Markets (Ashgate 2004), The Transnational Political Participation of Immigrants. A Transatlantic Perspective (Routledge 2009), Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation (co-edited with Jan Rath, Amsterdam University Press, 2010)

16 March, Dr Joyce Outshoorn, University of Leiden
Sexual and Bodily Citizenship

Since the rise of the new wave of feminism in the 1960s, issues concerning the body have been at the heart of the challenge by women’s movements. The female body was always a contested site, subject to state control of reproductive rights and sexuality. Violence against women was often condoned by states as affairs of the family and the control of women was generally delegated to patriarchal authority. It is therefore not surprising that women’s movements across Europe (and elsewhere) had bodily integrity on the top of their agenda, leading to concrete demands on a whole range of body issues. Underlying the demands was the premise that the right to bodily integrity is a necessary condition for women’s autonomy and self-determination. It is therefore integral to full citizenship. However, the classic formulation of citizenship rights has not included bodily or sexual rights; even in feminist scholarship on citizenship the concept of bodily citizenship is The general negligence is the more surprising, as bodies are central to population policies, the more so since the emergence of bio-politics and reproductive genetics in the last two decades.
In this lecture I shall focus on the different national responses to the challenge of the women’s movements in four countries: the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden. Major question is how have women’s movements contested state control and the dominant discourse about the female body and changed problem definition and policies impeding the control over their bodies and sexualities in different political systems? The issues selected for study were abortion and prostitution. In line with the historical/discursive approach employed, strong path dependency was in evidence in most of our cases, but women’s movements were able to shift policy by developing new discourses which were incorporated into the dominant discourse. We argue that a separate concept of bodily citizenship is necessary to cope with the new bio-politics around procreation, but that prostitution is more usefully handled in the framework of economic and social citizenship than sexual and bodily citizenship.

Joyce Outshoorn studied political science and contemporary history at the University of Amsterdam and obtained her PhD in 1986 at the Free University of Amsterdam on abortion politics in the Netherlands. Since 1987 she has been Professor of Women’s Studies at the University of Leiden, where she is affiliated to the Institute of Political Science. She is co-convenor of the Research Network on Gender Politics and the State (RNGS) and is currently one of the research leaders in the Feminism and Citizenship (FEMCIT) project. Her research interests are on abortion and prostitution politics, women’s movements, and gender equality policy.
She edited Changing State Feminism, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007 (with Johanna Kantola); The Politics of Prostitution. Women’s Movements, Democratic States and the Globalisation of Sex Work (Cambridge University Press, 2004); The New Politics of Abortion (Sage 1986) (with Joni Lovenduski) and co-edited A Creative Tension. Essays in Socialist Feminism (Pluto Press 1984). She contributed the chapter on the Netherlands in: Abortion Politics, Women’s Movements, and the Democratic State, ed. by Dorothy McBride Stetson (Oxford University Press, 2001) and (with Jantine Oldersma) in: Hausmann, Melissa and Sauer, Birgit (eds.) Gendering the State in the Age of Globalization: Women's Movements and State Feminism in Post-Industrial Democracies, Rowman and Littlefield (2007).
She has published articles in Public Administration Review, Acta Politica, Social Politics, European Journal of Women’s Studies, European Journal of Political Research, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Journal of Comparative Policy Research. Her most recent publication is the chapter on women’s movements in: McBride, Dorothy, and Amy Mazur (eds.), The Politics of State Feminism: Innovation in Comparative Research, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2010).

22 March, Dr Angharad Beckett, Leeds University
Disability and Vulnerability: a disability politics perspective

This paper reconsiders citizenship in the light of the campaigns and claims of the UK disability movement. ‘Disability Politics’ is used as an analytic lens to explore both universal and pluralist models of citizenship, and the argument will be made that there is need to establish more ‘mutualist’ forms of powerand that the concept of shared/universal vulnerability may provide the basis for this and allow for the development of more powerful forms of social and political engagement. The paper will conclude by asking whether it is still possible to re-imagine citizenship as transformative politics that benefits everyone.

Angharad Beckett has a degree in Sociology and Social Policy from Durham University and PhD from the University of Sheffield. She lectured previously at Nottingham and Durham University.  Funded research includes the ESRC grant (as PI): 'Disability Equality in English Primary Schools' (completed 2009) and the Leverhulme Grant (as Co-I) 'Designing for Inclusive Play: facilitating meaningful play between disabled and non-disabled children'. I convene the BSA/SPA Study Group for the Sociology of Social and Public Policy

30 March, Dr Sasha Roseneil, Birkbeck Institute for Social Research
Intimate Citizenship: an agenda for research and politics

The paper sets out an argument for the usefulness of the concept of "intimate citizenship" for a politically engaged sociological research agenda, which is informed by feminism and queer theory. Drawing on the work of Ken Plummer (2003), the paper distinguishes between the notion of intimate citizenship and the more widely used concept of sexual citizenship.

Sasha Roseneil is Professor of Sociology and Social Theory and Director of the Birkbeck Institute for Social Research at Birkbeck College, University of London. She is also Professor II of Sociology in the Centre for Gender Research at the University of Oslo. She is currently Deputy Scientific Director of FEMCIT, an EU FP6 Integrated Project on “Gendered Citizenship in Multi-Cultural Europe: the impact of contemporary women’s movements”, which runs from 2007-2011. As part of FEMCIT she is leading a team of researchers focusing carrying out a comparative study of intimate citizenship in Bulgaria, Norway, Portugal, and the UK.

She is the author of Disarming Patriarchy (1995, Open University Press), and Common Women, Uncommon Practices: The Queer Feminisms of Greenham (2000, Cassell). She is editor or co-editor of Stirring It: Challenges for Feminism (1994, Taylor and Francis), Practising Identities (1999, Macmillan), Consuming Cultures (1999, Macmillan), Globalization and Social Movements (2000, Palgrave), and special issues of Citizenship Studies (2000), Feminist Theory (2001, 2003), Current Sociology (2004) and Social Politics (2004). Her latest books are Sociability, Sexuality, Self: relationality and individualization (Routledge, forthcoming), and Social Research after the Cultural Turn (ed with Stephen Frosh, Palgrave, forthcoming).

Seminars will take place between 6.00 - 7.30 p.m. in The Old Staff Café
London Metropolitan University, Tower Building, 166-220 Holloway Road


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