|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
Recent political, economic and socio-cultural changes have generated severe problems in the societies undergoing them. This is reflected in the extremely high ratio of unemployment (varying, but around 20% of the labour force on average), low turnout for parliamentary elections (around 35%), and a tremendous rise in crime and delinquency, especially among the young generation. Such phenomena raise questions about the perspectives of development of European identity and European citizenship in a social context in which alienation, marginalisation, and social exclusion pose a serious threat to the processes of social and cultural unification.