London Metropolitan University Research Institutes
 

Developing images of a region through education: Identity and otherness in the Mediterranean

Author(s) Elias Matsagouras and Yiannis Roussakis  
Publisher CiCe Publications  
Year 2000  
Editor Alistair Ross, Curricula for Citizenship in Europe  
Language English  
Age group -  
Keywords/Abstract
In modern nation states education has been used, among other things, to reinforce the 'imagined community'; to consolidate, reproduce and at the same time, to preserve, transmit and enlarge what was conceptualised as 'national culture'. There were, then, clear-cut boundaries shaping the national narratives of identity and 'otherness', often based on constructed stereotypes and prejudice. Nation states still remain the basic organisational units of the international order, but suffer major changes, which redefine or sometimes mutate their role. The globalisation of economic activity and cultural expression, the voluntary resignation of national sovereignty to supranational structures (such as the European Union), can be counted among the things which have resulted in the emergence of discourses on regional/post-national integration, on the recognition of a syncretic/interactionist rather than mono-cultural regional tradition. The Mediterranean has for centuries both brought closer and divided diverse civilisations, marked the boundaries of the West and the Orient, of (economic) North and South. In our paper we investigate the 'images' of the Mediterranean and the different people who live in the region, which are constructed and projected through the Greek education system.
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