|Editor||Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.|
Polish society has had to cope with specific problems over recent decades. The multiple transformations of Polish life in 1989 resulted in the introduction of parliamentary democracy, a free-market economy and cultural pluralism, making it difficult for some people and social groups to find their place in the new situation. It seems that the attitude of the 'unresponsive bystander' (Latane and Darley, 1970) does not only arise in extreme situations (such as those connected with violence), but may be typical of this large group of people. In addition, world-wide tendencies towards globalisation on the one hand and local ties on the other may lead to a 'citizenship crisis', especially in the so called 'new democracies': this is why it is so important to promote active attitudes which allow us to mould our social environment.