|Author(s)||Fülöp & Berkics:|
|Editor||Europe of Many Cultures, Alastair Ross Ed.|
Continuous political changes in the former socialist countries over the last decade - the appearance of political pluralism, the market economy, unemployment and competition in the job market, the growing number of enterprises that require a competitive spirit - have resulted in competition (a previously banned and denied phenomenon) becoming a key concept in these societies. However, in the new and harshly competitive environment characterised by scarce resources, there is confusion about the personal, interpersonal and moral requirements and consequences of competition. This is partly because there have been no explicit and well-structured principles or rules to govern competition, so people have not been prepared for the emotional consequences of open competition. The transformation to market economics in former European socialist countries has shifted the nature of the personal and social skills needed for success. Being able to compete, to deal with losing, and to withstand the stresses of competition are now essential abilities for those living in societies in transition. The rapid change at every level of Hungarian society requires citizens to modify their perception and understanding of this phenomenon, and to change their attitude and values towards competition (Fülöp, 2002).