|Author(s)||Pavel Vacek and Jan Lasek|
|Editor||A. Ross, The Experience of Citizenship|
Throughout life people are concerned with their well-being. People feeling down try to improve their state of mind, whereas people who feel good try to maintain this state. Reaching and maintaining a positive frame of mind seems to be general and important concern over the whole life span. Well-being is not only determinated individiually, but also by the particular cultural background, by socio-historic and economical conditions with regard to the standard of living. Structure of subjective well-being (SWB) will remain stable throughout course of life, but the sources will change according to life. Usually we speak about two parts: habitual and actual. Habitual SWB can be attained by satisfaction of one or more innate or acquired needs and motives, actual depends on temporarily active factors and can be attained either directly by naturaly positive, rewarding and enjoyable experiences or indirectly through elimination or reduction of adverse conditions. SWB has two main lines: cognitive, in which and inidividual compares a present situation to an aspired, expected or ideal one, and emotional - everyday experience of emotional states. In school days on both lines has big influence also school.