London Metropolitan University Research Institutes
 

Teaching ancient national heroes in today’s Europe

Author(s) Neves, M.  
Publisher London: CiCe  
Year 2013  
Editor P. Cunningham (ed.) Identities and Citizenship Education: Controversy, crisis and challenges  
Age group -  
Keywords/Abstract
In general terms, Viriathus, Vercingétorix and Boudicca were represented as warriors who confronted the Roman invasions in Europe between the second century B.C. and the first century A.D. These mythical-historical figures became both national and local icons on several different accounts. Portugal, England and France integrated and promoted their image as dignified ancestors. Since education became a major contributor to citizenship identity and nation building, it seems interesting to follow these three heroes on their journey through educational programmes, from the patriotic beginnings until nowadays.
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