European Thematic Network . . . . . . part of the European Union's SOCRATES Programme

CICE: Children's Identity and Citizenship in Europe
Social, Economic and Political Learning and Understanding within the European Context

Issue 10: January 1999
The Newsletter of the Network




Membership list and map

Other Destinations

The Network Gets Started

The CiCe Thematic Network Project is now beginning to build a series of activities that will make the network a reality. We will be sending information in the next few months about the build-up of activities -

This Newsletter brings you information about many of these initiatives

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Conference Date: May 1999

The first CiCe Conference will take place in London on May 12th - 15th. Arrangements are being made to send out later this month a formal call for papers, together with application and booking forms, to all Universities and Colleges in the Network.

We expect the Conference to be an opportunity for members to present papers, to hold symposia and to give short presentations. We also will have time to discuss the general organisation and principles of the Network. The deadline for submitting research proposals under the first call for the Fifth Framework will take place soon after the Conference, and we hope that groups of Network members who are making proposals will be able to share these with colleagues.

It is intended to make time available so that as many as possible of those attending will be able to present papers, or to make other presentations. We will also be pleased to receive suggestions for symposia, where several presentations can be made on a linked theme. If you would like to make a presentation of any sort, we would be grateful if you could send a brief outline before March 10th. These proposals will be considered by the Steering Group at a meeting later that month, and we will let all proposers know which presentations have been selected by March 26th.

We hope that it will be possible to negotiate a publication of selected presentations from the Conference.

The Conference will be an opportunity to have a display of examples of pupil's work on social and citizenship themes. We also intend to mount an exhibition of books on social education, identity and citizenship themes.

Around the Conference we will be arranging a number of other meetings. We will organise a meeting of all the National Coordinators who attend. Each of our Age-Related Groups will hold its own meeting, and will have an opportunity to hold an open meeting for interested Conference delegates.

The Conference will take place in the University of North London, which is situated just four kilometres north of the centre of the city. It is within easy reach of London's theatres and shops, and is on a direct metro/underground line from Heathrow.

The full Conference fee will be 260 euro. This will cover all Conference documents plus lunch on each day, an evening reception and the Conference dinner. There will be a special scale of charges for members of the Network: each institution will be able to send

The Conference is timed so that delegates can take advantage of APEX fares by staying over Saturday evening.

Delegates will be responsible for their own travel and accommodation arrangements: lists of hotels will be sent out on request.

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New National Coordinator for Denmark

Lars Røgild of Roskilde Pædogogseminarium, will now be Denmark's National Coordinator. Søren Hegstrup, who has acted as coordinator so far, will continue to chair the 0 - 7 Age-Related Group

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New member of the 0-7 Age-Related Group

The fifth member of the Group will be Blanca Moll, from Universitat Autònoma de Madrid.

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Steering Group: First Meeting

The CiCe Steering Group held its inaugural meeting in London in mid December. It was the first time that we had all met together, and we had long discussions about the purposes and direction of the Network.

The Steering Group includes the chairs of all the Age-Related Groups, and we spent some time discussing the important role these group would have in making sure that we recognise the different needs and expertise of those working with and interested in younger children as well as older pupils and young adults.

There was also considerable discussion on the activities we hope that each of our members will be able to engage in during the first year. A fuller report on this is included as an article inside this Newsletter ("What to do this year").

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Action by Age Related Groups

All three Age-Related Groups will meet over the next four weeks. A full list of the members of each committee was included in the last Newsletter. If you want to make suggestions, or contact one of the Groups, you should contact the relevant Group directly (see below).

The 0- 7 Age Committee will meet in København, Denmark on January 29 - 30.

The 7 - 11 Age Committee meet in Torhout, Belgium on January 15 - 16. p The 11 - 18 Age Committee meet in Madrid, Spain on February 12 - 13.

We hope to get a report on the recommendations of all three groups to members in the next Newsletter, at the beginning of March.

Chairs of Committees and their e-mail addresses:
0 - 7: Søren Hegstrup
7 - 11: Panagota Papoulia-Tzelepi
11 - 18: Margarita Limon

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New Contact Points for the CiCe Office:

Change your contact address and telephone numbers now!

CiCe phone 0171-753-3237

CiCe FAX 0171-753-3238

The address is
CiCe Office: Room LG.01
School of Education
University of North London
166 - 20 Holloway Road
London N7 8DB

The Steering Group:

Alistair Ross


Egbert Daum


Yveline Fumat


Søren Hegstrup


Emilio Lastrucci

Margarita Limon


Elisabet Nasman


Panagota Papoulia-Tzelepi

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Diary Dates



7- 11 age group meet in Belgium


Conference Booking forms and details sent to all members


0 - 7 age group meet in Denmark


All CiCe members to return Essential Information to CiCe Office!




11 - 18 age group meet in Spain


Fifth Framework launched: First Call for Proposals


CiCe send Catalogue of Members to all institutions




Newsletter 11: details of the Fifth Framework programme


Last date for proposals for CiCe Conference presentations


Steering Group meeting, Greece


responses to all Conference proposals


get the Fifth Framework proposals written!




First CiCe Conference, London


submit Fifth Framework proposals




Steering Group meet, Denmark


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Money raising

We are still short of money! So far we have had two Universities pledging extra support for the CiCe Network; the University of Brunel has offered an extra 1,500 euro, and the University of North London has offered a loan of over 40,000 euro to get the Network started (but the Vice-Chancellor would be grateful if we could repay it as soon as possible!). This is in addition to a very generous grant for office space, furnishing, and equipment, from the same University, to set up the Coordination Unit.


Can you help raise the money that we need - from your own university, from a charitable trust, or from a company? We need the money to support National Coordinators to make links in each country, to help support members' attendance at the Conference and perhaps to help with accommodation costs - and to help with the costs of translation and interpretation.


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The Fifth Framework - a chance for CiCe

The European Commission has at last agreed the long-awaited Fifth Framework for research funding from 1999 to 2002. This will include significant opportunities for social research, with particular programmes designated in the areas of European identity and integration. At a briefing in London last month, Commission officials stressed the significant role that Thematic Networks could play in making proposals: networks such as ours should be making many of the most coherent bids.

An article inside this Newsletter gives more details on the structure of the programme.

We expect that the First Call for proposals will be made in mid February, with bids to be submitted by late May. Bids would normally be by a group of 5 - 8 institutions (perhaps drawn from three or four countries), and would be for between 600,000 and 900,000 euros. The CiCe Steering Group hope that the Network can mount a series of proposals this year.

How will you know what to do to make a proposal?

Firstly CiCe will be sending the exact details of what the first call will contain to each institutional coordinator as soon as we have it, together with all the information we can gather about strategies and tactics. Alistair Ross, CiCe Coordinator, intends to be at the Fifth Framework launch at Essen on February 25th, and details of what is said will be circulated as soon as possible.

Secondly, it is essential that we compile an accurate database of all our members' interests and experiences as soon as possible, so that we can all see who possible partners might be. The existing database of members is on the CiCe Website, but it is not complete, because we only have limited data on many members. It is also rather out of date - e-mail addresses in particular seem to change very quickly! So please complete and return the Essential Information page included with this Newsletter. Send it back today! We will use this to compile a catalogue of members, which we hope to mail to all member Universities and Colleges before the end of February. Send in your details - and then use the catalogue to contact possible partners. The data will also be put on the web as soon as possible


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The Central Coordination


As soon as SOCRATES agreed the CiCe proposal, we started work on getting the Central Coordination Unit off the ground. We have now appointed two key members of staff, and they are working from a new office.

Head of the Unit (part time, 3 days a week) is Cass Mitchell-Riddle. Cass is a highly experienced research administrator, who will keep our administrative systems and accounts in order, and make sure that we send proper reports to Brussels.

Contact her on e-mail at

She is joined by our Administrative Officer, Gordon D'Avilar. He will work full time on the project, ensuring that our communications network is kept operating, and that information and news reaches you as soon as possible.

Contact him on e-mail at

Or phone him on 0171-753-3237


We also hope to appoint a part-time Web-Site manager, who will develop our site from its present home-made appearance to a fully-fledged professional affair.


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Database proposals

With this Newsletter comes a coloured page headed Essential Information.

Please could you fill in your details and send it back to us as soon as possible - at the very latest by the end of the month! And please could you make sure that all your colleagues who want to participate in CiCe also complete and return a copy.

We will use this information to make a catalogue, listing the contact points for each member and their interests. A copy will be sent to each member institution as soon as possible - before the end of February, we hope - so that you can use it to find partners with similar interests. This will be essential in getting together groups to make bids for the Fifth Framework First Call for papers.

The information will also be used to make a web-based database, which you can search for the same purposes. We'll try to get this complete as soon as possible.

But - the database will only be as good as the information that YOU send in: please return your competed form at once!

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The Fifth Framework and the possibilities for CiCe

The European Union's Fifth Framework programme was finally agreed on 22 December 1998. It is to be formally launched, with invitations to bid, on 25/26th February 1999 and the closing date for the first round of bids will be three months later (at the end of May). The programme will cover all the research and technological development activities for the Union for the period 1999 - 2002. It offers a particular set of opportunities for members of the CiCe Network to collaborate in the preparation of bids for research activities.

We have attended a number of meetings to examine what opportunities there are in the Fifth Framework for us. We understand that Thematic Networks particularly are seen as the most useful way of linking institutions preparing proposals.


Commission officials have suggested that they expect to see Thematic Network Projects becoming a major vehicle for the generation of bids. We can use our links to get in touch with potential partners, to discuss possibilities with them, and to stimulate the production of bids.

Our best opportunities are in the Horizontal Programmes, which have only just been agreed in detail. The final details are not yet published, but our intelligence suggests that three areas will be proposed, and the one most likely for our work is Improving Human Research Potential and Improving The Socio-Economic Base (these are to be treated as two separate aspects). This is a new activity, quite different from Framework Four.

improving the socio-economic base

The work programme for this will not be available officially until February, but we understand that this is likely to include improving the understanding of structural changes in European society, in order to manage them successfully in the interests of the European citizen. There will be four strands:

Governance and Citizenship

This covers responsibility and accountability at all levels of governance. Six aspects were suggested

Across these, there are likely to be three specific research tasks identified in the first call.

1 Change in European Society - work, education, family, welfare state - implications for the individual

2 Factors Influencing Economic Change and Employment Creation

3 European Integration - governance, identity and media, key issues of democracy

(Cross-cutting issues will also need to be addresses wherever possible - gender, implications for education and training, historical perspectives, European nature of the research, generation of high-quality comparable data)

Mechanisms for making proposals

Thematic networks are seen as an excellent way of preparing bids. There is a 1 in 6 chance of success, and the Commission officials will be pleased to look at short outline proposals (500 - 1000 words) and comment in advance of formal submission. We can coordinate this from the CiCe office.

Bids are generally in the 600,000 - 800,000 euro ranges, usually involving 6-8 partners in 3-4 countries. There is no special requirement on involving large/small, core/periphery states, but each member of a bidding group must have a clearly identified role and reason for being included, and partners must complement each other (no token partners!).

Proposals should thus bring in about 100,000 euro per partner, which would in most cases amount to the employment of a research fellow, administrative assistance and travel costs. A proposal in one of our areas of interest might involve six researchers, based in six different Universities, who work in parallel, meeting with the University staff involved regularly over a period of three years, for instance.

CiCe action

We will make a series of proposals - perhaps a dozen in the first round - which involve most member institutions, some in two or three bids. We should co-ordinate these bids around a number of linked themes, using the Age-Related Groups to identify some themes and individual members to generate others.

The database of members will be an essential tool in linking partners and constructing bids. Please therefore make sure that you complete the Essential Information sheet that is contained in this Newsletter, and return it to the CiCe Office as soon as possible. We intend to publish a catalogue of interests for CiCe by the end of February, at the same time as the First Call of the Fifth Framework is published. As soon as more information is available, it will be circulated. Please send in questions, ideas, queries and comments as soon as possible!

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The Purposes of The Network

Just what is a "Thematic Network Project"?

What are we supposed to be doing in CiCe?

Is it a research project?

Is it a student teaching project?

These are some of the very common questions that are asked about the Network. This article will try to answer some of these points, and to outline what the Network is designed to achieve.

The Thematic Network Project scheme was launched by socrates in 1996, as a way of building more permanent links between academic institutions across Europe. Rather than supporting specific activities between relatively small groups of institutions, the TNP scheme is designed to be more inclusive and less focused. Our objective is to "be a network" - to become a recognised, well-used forum, through which people with a shared interest in our discipline or theme can meet, find partners and information, work together in smaller sub-groups - either on research activities, or on programmes for students - and exchange ideas, information, plans and views.

Most thematic networks are organised around disciplines. The CiCe TNP is organised around an interdisciplinary theme - that of how children and young people come to understand about their society, its economy and its political structures. There is a particular interest in this at this moment, and in this part of the world, because these social structures are changing in very substantial ways. The ideas that we have grown up with - of the state, the economy, the nation, society - are developing into something very different. Young children are being socialised into a different world. Many of them develop rather different sets of identities - they see themselves as having a nested set of identities (for example as being a Dubliner, and Irish, and a European, and a world citizen), or as having a cross-cutting set of identities (perhaps female, working class, bilingual).

Members of the CiCe TNP share a common interest in these changes. Many of us are engaged in the education of the next generation of professionals who will work with these young people - teachers, social and youth workers, and those professionals dealing with very young children. Others of us teach and research in disciplines (such as sociology, psychology and politics) which include the study of how children and young people acquire understanding about social, political and economic phenomena. Thus we all need to know what changes are taking place, and to ensure that our students - whether on professional courses or others - are aware of the variety, diversity and similarities of such changes across Europe (and indeed, beyond Europe).

But how do we create a Network that will be useful, and allow us to do all this? The CiCe project is designed to create a set of structures that will be useful to potential members - so useful that they will regularly consult with the Network's data, search for information, make contacts with other members, and generally make the Network an indispensable part of their framework for teaching and (or) researching.

The Proposal is therefore geared to create structures that will make this habitual use possible, and indeed desirable. If we successfully create a working meeting place in which we can meet fellow academics, find information about what other people write, teach and research, ask questions with the expectation of getting a reasonable answer, look for and find partners to work with, whether in our teaching or in our research, then CiCe will become a self-sustaining, permanent Network.

What are these structures? Firstly, we will create an electronic network, using the web and electronic communication where possible. This will bring speed and comprehensiveness to the Network. We intend to develop particular forms of electronic forums that will meet our various needs - messaging systems that tell us about the particular things that we want to know about (and not about everything else!), forums where we can find like-minded individuals, places where we can track down publications, teaching materials, statistics.

The project is not to create a unified approach to research or teaching. It is not trying to create a common mould into which everyone should fit. But it is trying to establish a common core of sets of data that everyone can use in the ways that they need to, as much as they need to. Around this common core will be a wide and very diverse assortment of other material, generated and contributed by groups of members, that others may explore, or not, as they need. It will, we think, be in the mixture of core and diverse materials that the Network will have its strength, and become one of the important tools with which each individual member will want to work.

One of the values of the Network's data will be in our teaching. Imagine a collection of materials that you can draw on and ask students to examine. Compare and contrast the formal curricula for developing civic understanding with teenagers in two different political traditions; analyse the accounts of social life given by ten year olds now and five years ago, in three contrasting countries; read and comment on how five year olds in different countries describe their experiences of friendship; examine the changing ideas about identity that children have given over the past decade - these are some of the questions and tasks we could set our students.

Beyond this, we could begin to collaborate in setting tasks, and creating elements of teaching together: a small group of members, in different states but teaching similar courses, might develop and share some teaching tasks in common. A group might create a module that they all used, validating it through their respective university systems.

These sorts of teaching activities could develop and be organised through an electronic network quickly and efficiently, once the connections are established and regularly used. Research activities could be enhanced equally by the Network. The example of the opportunities of the Fifth Framework shows the advantages of a network. As with many European Community activities, there is a fairly short period of time between the call for proposals and the deadline for submission. The existence of a fully supported network in constructing a proposal is clear. Any member with an idea for a proposal will quickly be able to search for members with similar interests, or with complementary skills, who may be willing to contribute to the construction of a proposal. You could look at examples and findings from the previous work of potential colleagues; you could base proposals around using some of the Network's own collection, and adding a new and unique set of data to it for others to use afterwards; you could identify areas that needed a fresh or different approach. You might be able to use a search engine to trawl through synopses of articles written by Network members. The technology exists for you to be automatically alerted whenever anyone adds something to the Network that matches your particular set of interests - you could set the parameters as tightly or as loosely as you wished.

But - and it is a very important but - the only way in which these ideas will be possible is if the Network is added to and used regularly by members. It will have to be something much bigger than a simple index of possible partners, though this will be its core and how it will have to begin. Growing into a set of examples and extracts from the partners' work will mean that it develops into an asset of real value to us all.

But, even when we achieve all this, it will still not be a unified project. We will still have disagreements about definitions, about methodologies, about approaches and about objectives - which is exactly what there should be.


We don't have to have prior agreement and a fusion of views in order to agree to cooperate in building up a machine for contacts and data that will benefit us all.


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What we can do as members of the network in 1999

CiCe has six overall objectives, five of which we plan to begin this year. In brief these are:

the first - and the ultimate - objective is to form a permanent pan-European network

make a survey of higher education courses that include socialisation and the teaching of social, citizenship, political and economic skills, social and/or economic psychology, etc.

collect accounts of the curriculum for children and young people in this area

gather accounts from children and young people on their perceptions of identity, citizenship and socio-economic issues

begin to develop collaborative teaching elements

What do these mean in practice for the CiCe member institutions? What exactly are individuals supposed to do?

These tasks were all discussed at the CiCe Steering Group's first meeting last month. This article is written to explain some of the proposals that we suggest to meet these targets over the next eight months, and the part that we hope that all CiCe members can play in this. Some of these activities can begin at once - with others, we are first seeking the advice and suggestions of our Age-Related Groups, which we will have gathered in about five weeks' time - we will then be able to give you more details.


Forming a network

Three immediate activities to help get the network running:

A Complete the Essential Information form that comes with this Newsletter and post it back today! This will provide the first substantial set of data about us. We will turn this into a printed catalogue that will be sent to all institutions, and design a searchable database on the website. You'll then be able to look for, and contact, members with similar interest and activities.

B Come to the first CiCe Conference in London in May (see the article on the front page for details).

C Use the CiCe Network to make proposals for research in response to the Fifth Framework's First Call, due at the end of next month. (See the article on this in this Newsletter.) Make contacts through the data on the website at the moment (it's a bit out of date), and use the new catalogue of members we will send your institution during February. (Because this will be based on the Essential Information form that you are already sending back, this will be really up-to-date!)


Surveying higher education courses

We need to do this so that we can begin work on Activity 6: it will help us all work together on teaching materials if we know what sort of teaching we all do. The Steering Group decided that it we would limit our survey to courses in our own institutions (not everything in each country!), and gather together short descriptions of what each course contains, at whom it is directed, etc. It should not be a very difficult task for most member institutions.

But before we send out details of what to record, we are asking the Age-Related Groups to consider how they might add to our proposed definition of courses to include, so that we are properly comprehensive in our coverage. We will also ask the National Coordinators to consider if our membership in each country covers the possible range of courses - we think that in some countries, we only have members who are working in a particular set of courses (for example, everyone is working in early childhood studies, or we only include teacher-educators).

So for this objective, there's nothing to do just yet. Details of what to prepare will be sent out later, and this will not be, we think, a large or difficult task.


Collecting descriptions of the curriculum

The Steering Group decided at this stage that we would only try to collect formal descriptions of the curriculum in each state, and not to try to prepare descriptions of the curriculum as it was practised. We recognised that in some countries, in which the curriculum is Federally devolved, we would not be able to be comprehensive in our coverage at this stage.

Again, we decided to consult with the Age-Related Groups and the National Coordinators. We considered that this activity is best coordinated by National Coordinators, who can discuss the issue locally - how it is to be described, who will be able to tackle each part and how the parts can be assembled.

So for this objective again, there's nothing to do just yet. National Coordinators will be in touch with you later in the year.


Gather accounts of children and young people

This set of data will be a fruitful area for members to examine and search through, as it builds up. Because we hope that everyone will add to it each year, it will give a 'time-dimension' as well as reflecting the geographical spread of our membership. The Steering Group had a long discussion on this item. We agreed that we were not trying to establish a data set that was strictly comparable - it would be impossible to do this without many months of preparatory work, and would not be sufficiently useful to everyone. What we want to do is establish a pool of data, from which members can use parts as they choose.

So we will be asking every individual in CiCe to contribute a short transcript of three or four interviews or other descriptions of a child/young person's account, each year. The precise form, structure and questions or prompts that you use will be for you to decide, but we are suggesting a core set of five questions that we would be grateful if everyone could build in to the questions that they use.

We will be asking each of the Age-Related Groups to give particular guidance on handling that particular age-range. Their advice will be available by the end of February. The questions that we would like everyone to focus on are these:

What is a friend? (Who are your friends? What makes each one a friend? How do friends behave to you? How do you behave to them? How do you get friends? How do you stop being a friend?

What decisions can you take? (What do you control/ have power over? Who listens to you?)

Who has power over your life/your family's life? (Who makes the important decisions? What are they? How do they come to have this sort of power? Why do they have it? What can you do if you don't agree?)

What does it mean to be a child? What is a "good" childhood?

Why do people work? (What does work mean? Do you work? What sorts of work are there? How do people get work? Do they enjoy work? )

The answers to these questions will be variously expressed and described at different times in children's and young people's development:

  1. It will not be possible to achieve exact equivalence in all ages, or in all states.
  2. It will not be possible to make a systematic sample: we will have to rely on locally determined decisions about achieving some form of random collection. The collection should reflect ethnic variations, class variations, etc. in the local population, where possible.
  3. It is anticipated that each data set will be of less than 3000 words - perhaps half-an-hour's conversation.
  4. You will also be asked to provide a set of background information to explain matters that otherwise might not be understood by an international readership.

Please start thinking about what you might do - but please don't start any interviews just yet - please wait until our Age-Related Groups have made their suggestions!


Developing collaborative teaching

We do not intend to begin work on this final area of activity until after the Conference



National Coordinator links

The National Coordinators will have an important role to play in setting up a framework in each country. We will be in contact with them - and they with you - in the near future, we hope. We are still trying to raise enough funds to support the National Coordinators in their work. Any help that individual institutions can offer in raising funds for their national network would be enormously appreciated, not least by your colleagues!


Age Group links

The Age-Related Groups each have five members, whom we have tried to select to represent the geographical and cultural spread of our members. Please don't hesitate to contact them directly on any points that may be of interest, either through the Chairs (e-mail addresses in the News Section) or the individual members (addresses in the Proposal document, and in next month's Catalogue).

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Membership: Final details

This map allows you to connect to every country with members in the CICE network. Simply click on the area of the map about which you want to see more details.

The above message should be repeated in French, German, Italian, Spanish - and any other language you offer to help with!

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Clicking below for more about the Thematic Network proposal:

making comments ...joining the TNP ... our our proposal ... our members ... our organisations"Alistair Ross page 11